White-throated Ground Dove
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Common Name Paluman Apaka
Range Northern Mariana Islands
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Gallicolumba
Species Gallicolumba xanthonura
Conservation Status
Near Threatened
The White-throated ground dove or paluman apaka in Chamorro (Gallicolumba xanthonura), is a species of dove in the Columbidae family. Their distribution is on the Northern Mariana Islands inhabiting the native forests.
White-throated Ground Dove Female 89


It has become extirpated from Guam (to USA) by predation from the introduced brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis). Single birds do turn up once every few years but are most likely individuals dispersing from the island of Rota. The birds are shy and tend to keep well hidden.


Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist, Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist, Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations


Habitat Loss/Degradation, Invasive alien species, Harvesting

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