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Viverridae
Binturong
A Binturong
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Family Viverridae

Viverridae is a family from the Carnivora order. It is including almost 35 species.

Range

Viverrids are found all over the Oriental Region and even beyond it across Wallace's line, all over Africa passing into southern Europe. Their occurrence in Madagascar and in Celebes, as well as some of the adjoining islands, shows them to be ancient inhabitants of the tropics of the Old World.

Characteristics

Viverrids have four or five toes to each foot and half retractile claws. There are six cutting teeth in each jaw and true grinders with two tubercular grinders behind in the upper jaw, and one in the lower jaw. The tongue is rough with sharp prickles. There is a pouch or gland beneath the anus, but no coecum. Viverrids are the most primitive of all the families of aeluroid carnivora and clearly less specialized than the Felidae. In external characters, they are distinguished from the Felidae by the hind foot being five-toed owing to the invariable presence of the first digit, by the retention of the interramal tuft of facial vibrissae, and typically by the longer muzzle and shorter limbs. The skull differs by the position of the post-palatine foramina on the maxilla, almost always well in advance of the maxillo-palatine suture, and usually about the level of the second premolar; by the distinct external division of the auditory bulla into its two elements either by a definite groove or, when rarely this is obliterated, by the depression of the tympanic bone in front of the swollen entotympanic. Viverrids range in size from the African linsang with a body length of 33 cm (13 in) and a weight of 650 g (1.4 lb), to the African civet at 84 cm (33 in) and 18 kg (40 lb); although very large binturongs, which can weigh up to 25 kg (55 lb), attain the greatest mass. Their skeletons are similar to those of fossils dating back to the Eocene, up to 50 million years ago. Most have a baculum.

Genera

Family Viverridae

Subfamily Hemigalinae Genus Chrotogale

Owston's Palm Civet, Chrotogale owstoni

Genus Cynogale

Otter Civet, Cynogale bennettii

Genus Diplogale

Hose's Palm Civet, Diplogale hosei

Genus Hemigalus

Banded Palm Civet, Hemigalus derbyanus

Subfamily Paradoxurinae Genus Arctictis

Binturong, Arctictis binturong

Genus Arctogalidia

Small-toothed Palm Civet, Arctogalidia trivirgata

Genus Macrogalidia

Sulawesi Palm Civet, Macrogalidia musschenbroekii

Genus Paguma

Masked Palm Civet, Paguma larvata

Genus Paradoxurus

Asian Palm Civet, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
Golden Palm Civet, Paradoxurus zeylonensis 
Golden Wet-zone Palm Civet, Paradoxurus aureus 
Sri Lankan Brown Palm Civet, Paradoxurus montanus 
Jerdon's Palm Civet, Paradoxurus jerdoni
Golden Dry-zone Palm Civet, Paradoxurus stenocephalus

Subfamily Prionodontinae Genus Prionodon

Banded Linsang, Prionodon linsang
Spotted Linsang, Prionodon pardicolor

Subfamily Viverrinae Genus Civettictis

African Civet, Civettictis civetta

Genus Genetta

Abyssinian Genet, Genetta abyssinica
Angolan Genet, Genetta angolensis
Bourlon's Genet, Genetta bourloni
Crested Servaline Genet, Genetta cristata
Common Genet, Genetta genetta
Johnston's Genet, Genetta johnstoni
Rusty-spotted Genet, Genetta maculata
Pardine Genet, Genetta pardina
Aquatic Genet, Genetta piscivora
King Genet, Genetta poensis
Servaline Genet, Genetta servalina
Haussa Genet, Genetta thierryi
Cape Genet, Genetta tigrina
Giant Forest Genet, Genetta victoriae

Genus Poiana

Leighton's Linsang, Poiana leightoni
African Linsang, Poiana richardsonii

Genus Viverra

Malabar Large-spotted Civet, Viverra civettina  
Large-spotted Civet, Viverra megaspila
Malayan Civet, Viverra tangalunga
Large Indian Civet, Viverra zibetha

Genus Viverricula

Small Indian Civet, Viverricula indica
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