Viverridae is a family from the Carnivora order. It is including almost 35 species.
Viverrids are found all over the Oriental Region and even beyond it across Wallace's line, all over Africa passing into southern Europe. Their occurrence in Madagascar and in Celebes, as well as some of the adjoining islands, shows them to be ancient inhabitants of the tropics of the Old World.
Viverrids have four or five toes to each foot and half retractile claws. There are six cutting teeth in each jaw and true grinders with two tubercular grinders behind in the upper jaw, and one in the lower jaw. The tongue is rough with sharp prickles. There is a pouch or gland beneath the anus, but no coecum. Viverrids are the most primitive of all the families of aeluroid carnivora and clearly less specialized than the Felidae. In external characters, they are distinguished from the Felidae by the hind foot being five-toed owing to the invariable presence of the first digit, by the retention of the interramal tuft of facial vibrissae, and typically by the longer muzzle and shorter limbs. The skull differs by the position of the post-palatine foramina on the maxilla, almost always well in advance of the maxillo-palatine suture, and usually about the level of the second premolar; by the distinct external division of the auditory bulla into its two elements either by a definite groove or, when rarely this is obliterated, by the depression of the tympanic bone in front of the swollen entotympanic. Viverrids range in size from the African linsang with a body length of 33 cm (13 in) and a weight of 650 g (1.4 lb), to the African civet at 84 cm (33 in) and 18 kg (40 lb); although very large binturongs, which can weigh up to 25 kg (55 lb), attain the greatest mass. Their skeletons are similar to those of fossils dating back to the Eocene, up to 50 million years ago. Most have a baculum.
Subfamily Hemigalinae Genus Chrotogale
Owston's Palm Civet, Chrotogale owstoni
Otter Civet, Cynogale bennettii
Hose's Palm Civet, Diplogale hosei
Banded Palm Civet, Hemigalus derbyanus
Subfamily Paradoxurinae Genus Arctictis
Binturong, Arctictis binturong
Small-toothed Palm Civet, Arctogalidia trivirgata
Sulawesi Palm Civet, Macrogalidia musschenbroekii
Masked Palm Civet, Paguma larvata
Asian Palm Civet, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Golden Palm Civet, Paradoxurus zeylonensis Golden Wet-zone Palm Civet, Paradoxurus aureus Sri Lankan Brown Palm Civet, Paradoxurus montanus Jerdon's Palm Civet, Paradoxurus jerdoni Golden Dry-zone Palm Civet, Paradoxurus stenocephalus
Subfamily Prionodontinae Genus Prionodon
Banded Linsang, Prionodon linsang Spotted Linsang, Prionodon pardicolor
Subfamily Viverrinae Genus Civettictis
African Civet, Civettictis civetta
Abyssinian Genet, Genetta abyssinica Angolan Genet, Genetta angolensis Bourlon's Genet, Genetta bourloni Crested Servaline Genet, Genetta cristata Common Genet, Genetta genetta Johnston's Genet, Genetta johnstoni Rusty-spotted Genet, Genetta maculata Pardine Genet, Genetta pardina Aquatic Genet, Genetta piscivora King Genet, Genetta poensis Servaline Genet, Genetta servalina Haussa Genet, Genetta thierryi Cape Genet, Genetta tigrina Giant Forest Genet, Genetta victoriae
Leighton's Linsang, Poiana leightoni African Linsang, Poiana richardsonii
Malabar Large-spotted Civet, Viverra civettina Large-spotted Civet, Viverra megaspila Malayan Civet, Viverra tangalunga Large Indian Civet, Viverra zibetha
Small Indian Civet, Viverricula indica