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Todiramphus
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Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Alcedinidae
Halcyoninae
Genus Todiramphus

Todiramphus is a genus of tree kingfishers in the Alcedinidae family. The name is often spelt Todirhamphus (with rh), but Todiramphus is the original valid spelling. The name literally means ‘tody-bill’; tody is a relative of the kingfishers with a similar slender long bill, and the Greek rhamphos (ῥάµϕος) means ‘beak, bill’.

There are around 20–22 extant species in the genus, but the classification of several Pacific island forms is still unclear. The range of the genus extends from the Red Sea in the west to French Polynesia in the east, with the greatest diversity in Australasia.

Members of Todiramphus are medium-sized kingfishers with flattened beaks. They are typically blue or blue-green above with pale underparts. They often have a pale collar and stripe over the eye. Many species are commonly found well away from water and feed largely on terrestrial animals such as insects and lizards. The nest is built in a cavity, most often in a tree.

Species

Mariana Kingfisher (Dumont, 1823) (Todiramphus albicilla)
White-mantled Kingfisher (Ramsay, 1885) (Todiramphus albonotatus)
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher (Vieillot, 1818) (Todiramphus australasia)
Collared Kingfisher (Boddaert, 1783) (Todiramphus chloris)
Guam Kingfisher (Swainson, 1821) (Todiramphus cinnamominus)
 †Ryūkyū kingfisher (Kuroda, 1919) (Todiramphus (cinnamominus) miyakoensis)
Islet Kingfisher (Hartlaub, 1896) (Todiramphus colonus)
Blue-and-white Kingfisher (Temminck, 1824) (Todiramphus diops)
Talaud Kingfisher (Hartert, 1904) (Todiramphus enigma)
Vanuatu Kingfisher (Sharpe, 1899) (Todiramphus farquhari)
Sombre Kingfisher (Bonaparte, 1850) (Todiramphus funebris)
†Mangareva Kingfisher (Oustalet, 1895) (Todiramphus gambieri)
Niau Kingfisher (Murphy, 1924) (Todiramphus gertrudae)
Marquesan Kingfisher (Finsch, 1877) (Todiramphus godeffroyi)
Lazuli Kingfisher (Temminck, 1830) (Todiramphus lazuli)
Ultramarine Kingfisher (Verreaux, 1858) (Todiramphus leucopygius)
Forest Kingfisher (Jardine & Selby, 1830) (Todiramphus macleayii)
Blue-black Kingfisher (Wallace, 1862) (Todiramphus nigrocyaneus)
Rusty-capped Kingfisher (Wiglesworth, 1891) (Todiramphus pelewensis)
Red-backed Kingfisher (Gould, 1841) (Todiramphus pyrrhopygius)
Flat-billed Kingfisher (Lafresnaye, 1842) (Todiramphus recurvirostris)
Pohnpei Kingfisher (Hartlaub, 1852) (Todiramphus reichenbachii)
Mewing Kingfisher (Holyoak, 1974) (Todiramphus ruficollaris)
Pacific Kingfisher (Gmelin, 1788) (Todiramphus sacer)
Sacred Kingfisher (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827) (Todiramphus sanctus)
Beach Kingfisher (Gould, 1843) (Todiramphus saurophagus)
Torresian Kingfisher (Gould, 1842) (Todiramphus sordidus)
Melanesian Kingfisher (EL Layard, 1880) (Todiramphus tristrami)
Chattering Kingfisher (Gmelin, 1788) (Todiramphus tutus)
†Rarotonga Kingfisher (Todiramphus cf. tutus)
Society Kingfisher (Gmelin, 1788) (Todiramphus veneratus)
Winchell's Kingfisher (Sharpe, 1877) (Todiramphus winchelli)
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