Suidae is a family from the Artiodactyla order.
They are small to medium animals, varying in size from 58 to 66 cm (23 to 26 in) in length, and 6 to 9 kg (13 to 20 lb) in weight in the case of the Pygmy Hog, to 130–210 cm (4–7 ft) and 130–275 kg (300–600 lb) in the Giant Forest Hog. They have large heads and short necks, with relatively small eyes and prominent ears. Their heads have a distinctive snout, ending in a disc-shaped nose. Suids typically have a bristly coat, and a short tail ending in a tassle.
Behaviour and reproduction
Despite their apparently "primitive" anatomy, suids are intelligent and adaptable animals. Adult females (sows) and their young travel in a group, while adult males (boars) are either solitary, or travel in small bachelor groups. Males generally are not territorial, and come into conflict only during the mating season. Litter size varies between one and twelve, depending on the species. The mother prepares a grass nest or similar den, which the young leave after about ten days. Suids are weaned at around three months, and become sexually mature at 18 months. In practice, however, male suids are unlikely to gain access to sows in the wild until they have reached their full physical size, at around four years of age. In all species, the male is significantly larger than the female, and possesses more prominent tusks.
Subfamily †Cainochoerinae Genus †Albanohyus Genus †Cainochoerus Subfamily †Hyotheriinae Genus †Aureliachoerus Genus †Chicochoerus Genus †Hyotherium Genus †Nguruwe Genus †Xenohyus Subfamily †Listriodontinae Tribe †Kubanochoerini Genus †Kubanochoerus Tribe †Listriodontini Genus †Eurolistriodon Genus †Listriodon Tribe †Namachoerini Genus †Lopholistriodon Genus †Namachoerus Tribe incertae sedis Genus †Dicoryphochoerus Subfamily Suinae Tribe Babyrousini Genus Babyrousa Babyrousa babyrussa, Golden Babirusa †Babyrousa bolabatuensis Babyrousa celebensis, Sulawesi Babirusa Babyrousa togeanensis, Togian Babirusa Tribe †Hippohyini Genus †Hippohyus Genus †Sinohyus Genus †Sivahyus Tribe Potamochoerini Genus †Celebochoerus Genus Hylochoerus Hylochoerus meinertzhageni, Giant Forest Hog Genus †Kolpochoerus Genus Potamochoerus Potamochoerus larvatus, Bushpig Potamochoerus porcus, Red River Hog Genus †Propotamochoerus Tribe Suini Genus †Eumaiochoerus Genus †Hippopotamodon Genus †Korynochoerus Genus †Microstonyx Genus Sus Sus ahoenobarbus, Palawan bearded pig Sus barbatus, Bornean Bearded Pig Sus bucculentus, Vietnamese Warty Pig Sus cebifrons, Visayan Warty Pig Sus celebensis, Celebes Warty Pig Sus heureni, Flores Warty Pig Sus oliveri, Mindoro Warty Pig Sus philippensis, Philippine Warty Pig Sus scrofa (S. domesticus), Domestic pig, wild Boar Sus verrucosus, Javan Warty Pig †Sus strozzi Tribe Phacochoerini Genus †Metridiochoerus Genus Phacochoerus Phacochoerus aethiopicus, Cape, Somali or Desert Warthog Phacochoerus africanus, Common Warthog Genus †Potamochoeroides Genus †Stylochoerus Tribe incertae sedis Genus Porcula Porcula salvania, Pygmy Hog Subfamily †Tetraconodontinae Genus †Conohyus Genus †Notochoerus Genus †Nyanzachoerus Genus †Parachleuastochoerus Genus †Sivachoerus Genus †Tetraconodon †Tetraconodon intermedius †Tetraconodon malensis †Tetraconodon minor Subfamily incertae sedis Genus †Chleuastochoerus Genus †Hemichoerus Genus †Hyosus Genus †Kenyasus Genus †Schizochoerus Genus †Sinapriculus