Sombre Kingfisher
Range island of Halmahera, in North Maluku, Indonesia.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Alcedinidae
Genus Todiramphus
Species Todiramphus funebris
Conservation Status

The Sombre kingfisher (Todiramphus funebris), is a species of tree kingfisher in the Alcedinidae family. It is endemic to island of Halmahera, in North Maluku, Indonesia.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.


This is a relatively large kingfisher, measuring up to 28 cm. It has a piebald colouring with white belly and collar, and olive to black upper parts. The beak is dark. Its call is a slow 'ki-ki-ki'; it may also utter series of three loud wails.

Distribution and Habitat

The sombre kingfisher occurs only on Halmahera, where it inhabits primary forest (frequently close to clearings), swamp-forest, mature secondary woodland, and mangroves. It may visit cultivated areas such as plantations.


The species has been protected under Indonesian law since 1931 and benefits from several protected areas. However, it is currently classified as vulnerable by the IUCN, mostly due to ongoing habitat loss through forest clearance for timber, conversion to agriculture, and other uses.

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