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São Tomé Scops Owl
9516606397 fe56a9cde9
Information
Common Name Petit-duc De Sao Tomé and Autillo De Santo Tomé
Range São Tomé Island, in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Strigiformes
Family Strigidae
Genus Otus
Species Otus hartlaubi
Conservation Status
VUSpecies
Vulnerable

The São Tomé scops-owl (Otus hartlaubi), alternatively known as petit-duc de Sao Tomé or autillo de Santo Tomé, is a species of scops owl in the Strigidae family.

This owl species is endemic to São Tomé Island, in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It is a small creature, about 18 centimetres (7.1 in) long, weighing about 79 grams (0.174 lb).

This owl's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Its continued survival depends upon stopping habitat loss in the remaining lowland rainforest of São Tomé, as does the survival of three other birds: the São Tomé ibis, São Tomé olive pigeon, and São Tomé oriole.

This species of owl is the only one on the island, except for the common barn owl. Its diet consists of insects, grasshoppers, beetles, moths, and small lizards. This type of owl is nocturnal (like most owls) and is not shy toward humans. It roosts close to tree trunks or within them. Females of the species are somewhat larger than males. The adult face and upper body are mostly brown, with white chin and eyebrows.

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