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Rock Parrot
04 37 099 neophema petrophila
Information
Common Name Rock Elegant
Range South Australia, Western Australia, and that continent's offshore islands, including Rottnest Island.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Psittaciformes
Psittacoidea
Family Psittaculidae
Platycercinae
Pezoporini
Genus Neophema
Species Neophema petrophila
Conservation Status
LCSpecies
Least Concern

The Rock parrot (Neophema petrophila), also known as the rock elegant, is a species of parrot which is endemic to coastal South Australia, Western Australia, and that continent's offshore islands, including Rottnest Island. It is a small, predominantly olive-green parrot. Grass seeds form the bulk of its diet.

Taxonomy

The rock parrot was described by ornithologist John Gould in 1841, its specific name petrophila derived from the Greek petros/πετρος 'rock' and philos/φιλος 'loving'.

Description

The rock parrot is 22 cm (9 in) long and predominantly olive-brown in colour with a dark blue frontal band line above with lighter blue. The lores and parts of the cheek are pale blue, this is less extensive in females. The breast is olive-grey, and duller in females, while abdomen and vent are yellow. The wings are predominantly olive with outer flight feathers blue. The yellow-edged tail has shades of olive and blue. The bill and legs are grey and the eyes dark brown. Juveniles are duller and lack the frontal bands.

Distribution and Habitat

Rocky islands and coastal dune areas are the preferred habitats for this species, which is found from Robe, South Australia westwards across coastal South and Western Australia to Shark Bay.

Behavior

Rock parrots eat seeds of grasses, shrubs and succulent plants, such as Carpobrotus species, in coastal habitats. They can be approached easily while feeding.

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