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Rinjani Scops Owl
Rinjani Scops Owl Otus jolandae, Lombok - journal.pone.0053712.g001-right
Information
Range Lombok in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Strigiformes
Family Strigidae
Genus Otus
Species Otus jolandae

The Rinjani Scops Owl, (Otus jolandae) is a new species of scoops owl found only on Lombok in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. The only bird species endemic to the island, it was first discovered in September 2003 and was formally described in 2013.

Etymology

The specific epithet jolandae honours Dr Jolanda Luksenburg, a biologist who codiscovered the species in 2003. Both the English common name and proposed Indonesian name Celepuk Rinjani refer to Mount Rinjani, the 3700 m active volcano that dominates Lombok. The owls are also known locally as burung pok, referring onomatopoeically to the call.

Description and Identification

As with most other scops, the Rinjani Scops Owl is mainly brown in colour, barred and spotted in various shades with white. It is largely similar in appearance to the Moluccan Scops Owl, (Otus magicus), but has a different call, a clean whistling hoot rather than the raspy croak of the Moluccan Scops Owl

Distribution and Habitat

The Rinjani Scops Owl is restricted to the island of Lombok where it is the only resident scops owl species. It is locally common within remaining forest habitat on the island, much of which lies within the Gunung Rinjani National Park, at elevations of 25–1350 m.

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