|Red-throated Wood Rail|
Illustration by Keulemans, 1894
The 'Red-throated wood rail (Aramides gutturalis), is an extinct and disputed species of rail in the Rallidae family. If it is not a misidentification, it was endemic to Peru and apparently became extinct due to habitat loss some time in the 20th century.
Following the 2006 SACC assessment which listed this species as dubious taxon BirdLife International removed the red-throated wood rail from the list of extinct species in 2009 as it might be either a badly prepared specimen of the grey-necked wood rail (Aramides cajanea) or a subspecies of the brown wood rail (Aramides wolfi).