|Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot|
Micropsitta bruijnii bruijnii
|Range||Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.|
The Red-breasted pygmy parrot (Micropsitta bruijnii), is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. Its natural habitat is the boreal forests, subtropical or tropical dry forests, and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests of Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.
As their name suggests, the pygmy parrots are the smallest genus of all parrots, with distribution confined to islands off Southeast Asia. This particular species is found at higher altitudes than other pygmy parrots, and uses trees rather than arboreal termite nests as breeding sites. They have jerky movements, rather reminiscent of nuthatches (Sitta species), and cling close to the bark as they search for lichens growing in the trees, which form the majority of their diet. Red-breasted pygmy parrots are only 8 cm (3 in) in length.
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common to uncommon due to deforestation and habitat lost on this limited range.
The specific name bruijnii commemorates the Dutch plume merchant Antonie Augustus Bruijn.