Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Rafetus euphraticus)
According to most taxonomists, the genus contains the following two species:
Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Daudin, 1802) (Rafetus euphraticus) Yangtze Giant Softshell Turtle (Gray, 1873) (Rafetus swinhoei)
A third species, the Hoan Kiem turtle (Rafetus leloii, syn. R. vietnamensis), known from one living specimen, has been proposed as a species. It is considered a junior synonym of Rafetus swinhoei by most authorities, but some Vietnamese scientists insist the two forms are not identical.