Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Rafetus euphraticus)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Reptilia
Order Testudines
Family Trionychidae
Genus Rafetus

Rafetus is a genus of highly endangered softshell turtles in the Trionychidae family. These large turtles are found in freshwater habitats in Asia.


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According to most taxonomists, the genus contains the following two species:

Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Daudin, 1802) (Rafetus euphraticus)
Yangtze Giant Softshell Turtle (Gray, 1873) (Rafetus swinhoei)

A third species, the Hoan Kiem turtle (Rafetus leloii, syn. R. vietnamensis), known from one living specimen, has been proposed as a species. It is considered a junior synonym of Rafetus swinhoei by most authorities, but some Vietnamese scientists insist the two forms are not identical.

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