Puggle is the name for a crossbreed dog with a beagle parent and a pugparent. The name puggle is a portmanteau, following a naming trend in "designer dog" crossbreeding.
Wisconsin breeder Wallace Havens bred the first puggle in the 1980s. Havens coined the name puggle and was the first to register the crossbreed with the American Canine Hybrid Club, an organization that tracks crossbred dogs.Although Havens was the first to officially breed a puggle, the history of puggles dates back to the 1980s when U.S. breeders experimented with creating new dogs. By 2000, puggles were being sold commercially to pet owners wanting to own a different, distinctive dog.
No major kennel clubs or other breed registries – such as American Kennel Club, United Kennel Club, and Canadian Kennel Club – recognize puggles as a dog breed. Puggles are an intentinoally crossbred form of mongrel, and have sometimes been called a designer dog.
Puggles grow to a mature weight of 15 to 40 pounds with a shoulder height of 8 to 15 inches. They can be a variety of colors and patterns depending on the characteristics inherited from the parent breeds. The most common colors are tan, fawn, or black. Mixed colors are not commonly found. They may have a short nose like the pug, or a longer snout like a beagle. The colors, body shape, ears, etc. will vary. The temperament of puggles generally combines the active and inquisitive nature of the Beagle with the companionable nature of the Pug. These psychographic traits make it a companion breed with lower required exercise needs.
Both Beagles and Pugs can have cherry eye, but more importantly, they can inherit progressive retinal atrophy so reputable breeders will DNA test for this condition. Puggles can also inherit hip dysplasia from one or both of their parents. Some puggles can have food and environmental allergies. If the allergies are serious enough, a special diet, prescription medication or steroid shots may be needed.
Puggles who have longer snouts like the Beagle parent are at a reduced risk of respiratory problems, however, puggles can occasionally have the respiratory ailments commonly found in Pugs (a breed known for being brachycephalic). One non-threatening respiratory ailment that puggles sometimes have is reverse sneezing (also called backwards sneezing or inspirational paroxysmal respiration).