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Proboscidea
African Bush Elephant
An African Bush Elephant.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea

Proboscidea is an order from the Mammalia class. This order, first described by J. Illiger in 1811, encompasses the trunked mammals.

Characteristics

Later proboscideans are distinguished by tusks and a long, muscular trunk; these features are less developed or absent in early proboscideans. Most families of Proboscidea are now extinct, many since the end of the last glacial period. Recently extinct species include the last examples of gomphotheres in Central and South America, the American mastodon of family Mammutidae in North America, numerous stegodonts once found in Asia, the last of the mammoths, and several island species of dwarf elephants.

Families

Image
Name
African Bush Elephant
Elephantidae
These are terrestrial large mammals with a trunk and tusks. Most genera and species in the family are extinct. Only two genera, Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephas (Asiatic elephants), are living.
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