Pompadour Green Pigeon
04 17 194 treron pompadora pompadora m.jpg
Sri Lanka Green Pigeon (Treron pompadora)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Treron

The Pompadour green pigeon (Treron sp.) is a pigeon complex in the genus Treron. It is widespread in forests of southern and southeast Asia. Many authorities have split the pompadour green pigeon into multiple species.


The pompadour green pigeon complex are all stocky, medium-sized pigeons, 25 to 28 centimetres (9.8 to 11.0 in) in length, with some significantly larger than others (e.g., chloropterus is significantly larger than birds from the Asian mainland). The head is green to greenish-yellow, and the underparts are green, though males of the subspecies phayrei have a pale orange patch on the chest. The crown, including the forehead are usually grey, except in Sri Lanka green pigeons where the forehead is greenish-yellow. The undertail coverts are mainly whitish or pale yellowish, though they are deep cinnamon in males of affinis and phayrei. The wings are blackish with distinct yellow edging to the wing coverts and tertials. The mantle is dark green in the female and deep purplish-chestnut in the male. In most birds, this includes the "shoulder", but in males of aromaticus the "shoulder" is very dark grey and in males of chloropterus it is green. Furthermore, males of aromaticus and some members of the axillaris group have a grey band above the mantle.

The legs are reddish in most birds, but grey in the axillaris group. The eyes are maroon-red or deep to very light blue (depends on subspecies), and the bill is whitish-grey with a dull, pale greenish or bluish base, except in the axillaris group where the base is red.

Distribution and Habitat

It is a widespread group in forests of tropical southern Asia from India, Sri Lanka east to the Philippines and the Moluccas. In India, they are found as disjunct populations in the Western Ghats, some parts of the Eastern Ghats, Northeastern India and in the Andaman Islands.


The distribution of the pompadour green pigeon is peculiarly disjunct and several are distinctive, leading many authorities to split it into six species:

Grey-fronted Green Pigeon (Jerdon, 1840) (Treron affinis)
Buru Green Pigeon (Gmelin, 1789) (Treron aromaticus)
Philippine Green Pigeon (Bonaparte, 1855) (Treron axillaris)
Andaman Green Pigeon (Blyth, 1845) (Treron chloropterus)
Ashy-headed Green Pigeon (Blyth, 1862) (Treron phayrei)
Sri Lanka Green Pigeon (Gmelin, 1789) (Treron pompadora)
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