The pitohuis are birds endemic to New Guinea. All six species were formerly classified in the Pitohui genus, classified in the same family. Two species are now classified in the Oriolidae, and three species in the Pachycephalidae (there is one species incertae sedis).
Most taxonomists now separate the species as follows:
- Rusty pitohui (Pseudorectes ferrugineus)
- White-bellied pitohui (Pseudorectes incertus)
- Black pitohui (Melanorectes nigrescens)
- Crested pitohui (Ornorectes cristatus)