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Pithecia
New-monkey-species-amazon-1-s1533x2048-p
White-faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Primates
Family Pitheciidae
Pitheciinae

Pitheciinae is a subfamily of New World monkey in the Pitheciidae family. It contains three genera and 14 species. Pitheciines are forest dwellers from northern and central South America, east of the Andes.

They are small to medium sized primates, with a stocky build due to their close skin. The skin is covered in shaggy fur, its coloring varies depending upon species from black to grey and brown up to white. Parts of the face can be bald. The tail, which is not used for grasping but for balance, is also hairy, although the uakari's tail is only a stub.

Like most New World monkeys, they are diurnal and arboreal. They are good climbers and spend the majority of their life in the trees. They live in groups ranging in number from small groups (such as with the saki monkeys) to as many as 50 animals. They communicate with a set of sounds which typically includes high cries and a nearly bird-like twitter.

Pitheciines are generally omnivores, the main part of their diet coming from fruits and insects. This is supplemented by flowers, buds, nuts and small vertebrates. Large canines help them to break through the hard rind of the unripe fruits.

Births are typically of single offspring with a gestation time of about 5 to 6 months. They typically reach maturity at approximately 3 to 4 years and can become up to 15 years old.

Classification

Family: Pitheciidae (titis, sakis and uakaris)
 Subfamily: Pitheciinae
  Genus: Pithecia (sakis)
   Equatorial Saki (Hershkovitz, 1987) (Pithecia aequatorialis)
   White-footed Saki (Gray, 1860) (Pithecia albicans)
   Cazuza's Saki (nov. 2014) (Pithecia cazuzai sp.)
   Golden-faced Saki (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1850) (Pithecia chrysocephala)
   Hairy Saki (Spix, 1823) (Pithecia hirsuta)
   Burnished Saki (Spix, 1823) (Pithecia inusta)
   Rio Tapajós Saki (Gray, 1842) (Pithecia irrorata)
   Isabel's Saki (nov. 2014) (Pithecia isabela)
   Monk Saki (É. Geoffroy, 1812) (Pithecia monachus)
   Miller's Saki (J. A. Allen, 1914) (Pithecia milleri)
   Mittermeier's Tapajós Saki (nov. 2014) (Pithecia mittermeieri sp.)
   Napo Saki (Lönnberg, 1938) (Pithecia napensis)
   White-faced Saki (Linnaeus, 1766) (Pithecia pithecia)
   Pissinatti’s Bald-faced Saki (nov. 2014) (Pithecia pissinattii sp.)
   Rylands' Bald-faced Saki (nov. 2014) (Pithecia rylandsi sp.)
   Vanzolini's Bald-faced Saki (Hershkovitz, 1987) (Pithecia vanzolinii)
  Genus: Chiropotes (bearded sakis)
   Black Bearded Saki (Hoffmannsegg, 1807) (Chiropotes satanas)
   Red-backed Bearded Saki (Humboldt, 1811) (Chiropotes chiropotes)
   Brown-backed Bearded Saki (Spix, 1823) (Chiropotes israelita)
   Uta Hick's Bearded Saki (Hershkovitz, 1985) (Chiropotes utahicki)
   White-nosed Saki (I. Geoffroy & Deville, 1848) (Chiropotes albinasus)
  Genus: Cacajao (uakaris)
   Bald Uakari (I. Geoffroy, 1847) (Cacajao calvus)
    Cacajao calvus calvus
    Cacajao calvus ucayalii
    Cacajao calvus rubicundus
    Cacajao calvus novaesi
   Golden-backed Uakari (Humboldt, 1812) (Cacajao melanocephalus)
   Aracá Uakari (Boubli et al., 2008) (Cacajao ayresi)
   Neblina Uakari (Boubli et al., 2008) (Cacajao hosomi)
 Subfamily: Callicebinae (titis)
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