The Philippine tarsier (Carlito syrichta), known locally as mawmag in Cebuano/Visayan and mamag in Luzon, is a species of tarsier endemic to the Philippines. It is found in the southeastern part of the archipelago, particularly on the islands of Bohol, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao. It is a member of the approximately 45-million-year-old family Tarsiidae, whose name is derived from its elongated "tarsus" or ankle bone. It is the only member of the genus Carlito, after the species was removed from the genus Tarsius, a new genus named after the conservationist Carlito Pizarras.
It was introduced to Western biologists during the 18th century.
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