|Range||Amboaboa and Mangarahara Rivers near Mandritsara in northern Madagascar.|
Paretroplus gymnopreopercularis is a species of cichlid in the family Cichlidae. It is endemic in the vicinity of the confluence of the Amboaboa and Mangarahara Rivers near Mandritsara in northern Madagascar. Until its official scientific description in 2008, it was temporarily known as the Paretroplus nov. sp. "sofia". It is endangered because of habitat degradation, overfishing and invasive species. Following the construction of a dam on the Mangarahara River, surveys have failed to relocate Paretroplus gymnopreopercularis in this river.
This relatively elongate Paretroplus reaches about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) in length and is closely related to Paretroplus kieneri, which it resembles. Paretroplus nourissati is found in the same region as Paretroplus gymnopreopercularis is found in the same region, but it appears to be restricted to deeper pools in the river. A member of another cichlid genus, Ptychochromis insolitus, is also restricted to the region.