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Animal Database
Papio
1024px-Olive baboon Ngorongoro
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Primates
Family Cercopithecidae
Genus Papio

Papio or baboons, is a genus of Old World monkeys, part of the subfamily Cercopithecinae. The five species are some of the largest non-hominoid members of the primate order; only the mandrill and the drill are larger. Previously, the closely related Gelada (Theropithecus gelada) and the two species (mandrill and drill) of genus Mandrillus were grouped in the same genus, and these Old World monkeys are still often referred to as baboons in everyday speech. They range in size and weight depending on species. The Guinea baboon is 50 cm (20 in) and weighs only 14 kg (30 lb) while the largest Chacma baboon can be 120 cm (47 in) and weigh 40 kg (90 lb).

Taxonomy and Phylogeny[]

Hamadryas Baboon (Linnaeus, 1758) (Papio hamadryas)
Guinea Baboon (Desmarest, 1820) (Papio papio)
Olive Baboon (Lesson, 1827) (Papio anubis)
Yellow Baboon (Linnaeus, 1766) (Papio cynocephalus)
 Central Yellow Baboon (Papio cynocephalus cynocephalus)
 Ibean Baboon (Papio cynocephalus ibeanus)
 Kinda Baboon (Papio cynocephalus kindae)
Chacma Baboon (Kerr, 1792) (Papio ursinus)
 Cape Chacma (Papio ursinus ursinus)
 Gray-footed Chacma (Papio ursinus griseipes)
 Ruacana Chacma (Papio ursinus raucana)
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