The mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle widely but unevenly distributed in Israel, the Golan Heights, and Turkey. It inhabits mountains, foothills, and coastal plains. Its range coincides closely with that of the acacia trees that grow in these areas. It is mainly a grazing species, though this varies with food availability. It is less well adapted to hot, dry conditions than the Dorcas gazelle, which appears to have replaced the mountain gazelle through some of its range during the late Holocene in a period of climatic warming.
Less than 3,000 mountain gazelles are left within their natural range. Mountain gazelles can reach running speeds up to 80 km/h (50 mph).