Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Anseriformes
Family Anatidae
Genus Melanitta

Melanitta or scoters, is a genus of stocky seaducks in the Anatidae family. The drakes are mostly black and have swollen bills. Females are brown.

They breed in the far north of Europe, Asia and North America, and winter farther south in temperate zones of those continents. They form large flocks on suitable coastal waters. These are tightly packed, and the birds tend to take off together.

Their lined nests are built on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. These species dive for crustaceans and molluscs.


Subgenus: Melanitta
 White-winged Scoter (Bonaparte, 1850) (Melanitta deglandi)
 Velvet Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta fusca)
 Surf Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta perspicillata)
Subgenus: Oidemia
 Black Scoter (Swainson, 1832) (Melanitta americana)
 Common Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta nigra)
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