Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra)
They breed in the far north of Europe, Asia and North America, and winter farther south in temperate zones of those continents. They form large flocks on suitable coastal waters. These are tightly packed, and the birds tend to take off together.
Their lined nests are built on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. These species dive for crustaceans and molluscs.
Subgenus: Melanitta White-winged Scoter (Bonaparte, 1850) (Melanitta deglandi) Velvet Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta fusca) Surf Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta perspicillata) Subgenus: Oidemia Black Scoter (Swainson, 1832) (Melanitta americana) Common Scoter (Linnaeus, 1758) (Melanitta nigra)