Animal Database

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Animal Database
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Animal Database
Mammoth
220px-Columbian mammoth
A Skeleton of the Columbian Mammoth.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Mammuthus

Mammuthus is the extinct genus from the Elephantidae family. They lived from the Pleistocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Holocene at about 4,500 years ago.

Characteristics[]

They are proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair. Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known species reached heights in the region of 4 m (13 ft) at the shoulder and weights up to 8 tonnes (9 short tons), while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes (13 short tons). However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern Asian elephant. Both sexes bore tusks. A first, small set appeared at about the age of six months and these were replaced at about 18 months by the permanent set. Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about 1 to 6 inches (2.5 to 15 cm) per year.

Species[]

Needs Information

Source[]

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