Animal Database
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Animal Database
Koala
Koala.jpg
Information
Range Australia
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Diprotodontia
Family Phascolarctidae
Genus Phascolarctos
Conservation Status
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Vulnerable

The koala or, inaccurately, koala bear (Phascolarctos cinereus), is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia. The word "koala" is a borrowing from Dharug gula, gulawany. It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats, which are members of the family Vombatidae. The koala is found in coastal areas of the mainland's eastern and southern regions, inhabiting Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. It is easily recognisable by its stout, tailless body and large head with round, fluffy ears and large, spoon-shaped nose. The koala has a body length of 60–85 cm (24–33 in) and weighs 4–15 kg (9–33 lbs). Fur colour ranges from silver grey to chocolate brown. Koalas from the northern populations are typically smaller and lighter in colour than their counterparts further south. These populations possibly are separate subspecies, but this is disputed.

Etymology

Taxonomy and evolution

Characteristics and adaptations

Ecology and behavior

Human relations

Conservation issues