Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
House Sparrow
House Sparrow
Range Europe, Mediterranean region and Asia.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Passeridae
Genus Passer
Species Passer domesticus
Conservation Status
Least Concern

The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a species from the Passer genus. The House Sparrow occurs naturally in most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. The word "sparrow' comes from Middle English sparwe which is from Old English spearwa which is descended from Proto-Germanic *sparwô which is ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *spḗr meaning "sparrow". Further etymology is unknown but it is perhaps of non-Indo-European origin like many other bird names.


Male House Sparrows are brightly colored birds with gray heads, white cheeks, a black bib, and rufous neck – although in cities you may see some that are dull and grubby. Females are a plain buffy-brown overall with dingy gray-brown underparts. Their backs are noticeably striped with buff, black, and brown.

Taxonomy and systematics[]

Distribution and habitat[]

It is native to Eurasia and North Africa, and was introduced to South Africa, North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, Middle East, India and Central Asia, where its population thrived under a variety of environmental and climatic conditions.


House Sparrows are highly gregarious and sociable, and to the point that the male bird will only really defend the entrance to its nest site and a tiny area around it - albeit it will do so vigorously.


Needs Information...



  • Once one of Britain’s commonest birds, numbers have crashed in recent years. London lost three-quarters of its sparrows between 1994 and 2000.
  • They are quick to learn new feeding habits, soon adapting to taking food from suspended nut feeders, a habit first noted in the late 1960s.
  • For birds that live in groups, knowing who’s highest in the pecking-order is important. One simple way to display this information while avoiding fights is through their feathers. Male House Sparrows with larger patches of black on their chest tend to be older and more dominant over males with smaller black patches.