Ruddy Quail-dove (Geotrygon montana)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Geotrygon

Geotrygon or quail-doves, is a genus of ground-dwelling doves in the Columbidae family. The 11 species of this genus have ranges from southern Mexico and Central America to the West Indies and South America. Quail-doves are ground-dwelling birds that live, nest, and feed in dense forests. They are remarkable for their purple to brown coloration with light-and-dark facial markings.


Members of the genera Zentrygon and Leptotrygon are also known as quail-doves and were formerly included in Geotrygon. The species Starnoenas cyanocephala was previously referred to as a quail-dove, though this English name is now incorrect.

It contains the following species:

Grey-fronted Quail-dove (Gundlach, 1852) (Geotrygon caniceps)
Key West Quail-dove (Bonaparte, 1855) (Geotrygon chrysia)
White-throated Quail-dove (Tschudi, 1843) (Geotrygon frenata)
†Puerto Rican Quail-dove (Wetmore, 1920) (Geotrygon larva) (prehistoric)
White-fronted Quail-dove (Chapman, 1917) (Geotrygon leucometopius)
Lined Quail-dove (Prévost, 1843) (Geotrygon linearis)
Ruddy Quail-dove (Linnaeus, 1758) (Geotrygon montana)
Bridled Quail-dove (Temminck, 1811) (Geotrygon mystacea)
Indigo-crowned Quail-dove (Salvin, 1878) (Geotrygon purpurata)
Sapphire Quail-dove (Bonaparte, 1855) (Geotrygon saphirina)
Crested Quail-dove (Lafresnaye, 1846) (Geotrygon versicolor)
Violaceous Quail-dove (Temminck, 1809) (Geotrygon violacea)
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