Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database

The Gentoo Penguin is a penguin that lives on the coasts of Antarctica.

Gentoo Penguin
Gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) 03
Common Name Gentoo Penguin
Range Antarctica
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Sphenisciformes
Family Spheniscidae
Genus Pygoscelis
Species Pygoscelis papua
Conservation Status
Least Concern


The gentoo penguin is easily recognized by the wide white stripe extending like a bonnet across the top of its head and its bright orange-red bill. It has pale whitish-pink webbed feet and a fairly long tail – the most prominent tail of all penguin species. Chicks have grey backs with white fronts. As the gentoo penguin waddles along on land, its tail sticks out behind, sweeping from side to side, hence the scientific name Pygoscelis, which means "rump-tailed".


Gentoo penguins live most of their life in the same place where they breed. These penguins are very social, and they usually do not show aggression among themselves or with other species of penguins, except when protecting their nests or eggs.


Gentoos live mainly on crustaceans, such as krill, with fish making up only about 15% of the diet. However, they are opportunistic feeders, and around the Falklands are known to take roughly equal proportions of fish.


On average, gentoo penguins live to be 13 years old. Most deaths occur within the first year of life, with only a 30 to 50 percent chance of surviving until the next year.



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