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Animal Database
Galbuli
Galbula-dea-4210
Paradise Jacamar (Galbula dea)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Piciformes
Galbuli

Galbuli is one of the two suborders of the order Piciformes and includes two families Bucconidae (puffbirds) and Galbulidae (jacamars). The other suborder Pici is a global group of piciforms, puffbirds and jacamars are only found in the Neotropics.

Systematics[]

It was thought the jacamars and puffbirds were not closely related to toucans and woodpeckers, but instead related to the order Coraciiformes. However, analysis of nuclear DNA in a 2003 study placed them as sister group to Pici, also showing that the groups had developed zygodactyl feet (two toes facing forward and two aft) before separating. Per Ericson and colleagues, in analysing genomic DNA, confirmed that puffbirds and jacamars were sister groups and their place in Piciformes. The lineage is sometimes elevated to order level as Galbuliformes, first proposed by Sibley and Ahlquist in 1990.

Taxonomy[]

Suborder: Galbuli
 Family: Bucconidae
  Genus: Nonnula
   Chestnut-headed Nunlet (Chapman, 1921) (Nonnula amaurocephala)
   Brown Nunlet (Sclater, 1881) (Nonnula brunnea)
   Grey-cheeked Nunlet (Sclater, 1854) (Nonnula frontalis)
   Rusty-breasted Nunlet (Spix, 1824) (Nonnula rubecula)
   Rufous-capped Nunlet (Tschudi, 1844) (Nonnula ruficapilla)
   Fulvous-chinned Nunlet (Hellmayr, 1907) (Nonnula sclateri)
  Genus: Bucco
   Collared Puffbird (Linnaeus, 1766) (Bucco capensis)
   Chestnut-capped Puffbird (Spix, 1824) (Bucco macrodactylus)
   Sooty-capped Puffbird (Hellmayr, 1909) (Bucco noanamae)
   Spotted Puffbird (Gmelin, 1788) (Bucco tamatia)
  Genus: Nystalus
   White-eared Puffbird (Vieillot, 1816) (Nystalus chacuru)
   Spot-backed Puffbird (Gmelin, 1788) (Nystalus maculatus)
   Barred Puffbird (Sclater, 1854) (Nystalus radiatus)
   Striolated Puffbird (Pelzeln, 1856) (Nystalus striolatus)
  Genus: Hypnelus
   Russet-throated Puffbird (Wagler, 1829) (Hypnelus ruficollis)
  Genus: Micromonacha
   Lanceolated Monklet (Deville, 1849) (Micromonacha lanceolata)
  Genus: Nonnula
   Chestnut-headed Nunlet (Chapman, 1921) (Nonnula amaurocephala)
   Brown Nunlet (Sclater, 1881) (Nonnula brunnea)
   Grey-cheeked Nunlet (Sclater, 1854) (Nonnula frontalis)
   Rusty-breasted Nunlet (Spix, 1824) (Nonnula rubecula)
   Rufous-capped Nunlet (Tschudi, 1844) (Nonnula ruficapilla)
   Fulvous-chinned Nunlet (Hellmayr, 1907) (Nonnula sclateri)
  Genus: Hapaloptila
   White-faced Nunbird (Verreaux, 1866) (Hapaloptila castanea)
  Genus: Chelidoptera
   Swallow-winged Puffbird (Pallas, 1782) (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)
  Genus: Malacoptila
   Black-streaked Puffbird (Sclater, 1854) (Malacoptila fulvogularis)
   White-chested Puffbird (Gmelin, 1788) (Malacoptila fusca)
   Moustached Puffbird (Lafresnaye, 1850) (Malacoptila mystacalis)
   White-whiskered Puffbird (Lafresnaye, 1847) (Malacoptila panamensis)
   Rufous-necked Puffbird (Spix, 1824) (Malacoptila rufa)
   Semicollared Puffbird (Todd, 1925) (Malacoptila semicincta)
   Crescent-chested Puffbird (Spix, 1824) (Malacoptila striata)
  Genus: Monasa
   Black Nunbird (Boddaert, 1783) (Monasa atra)
   Yellow-billed Nunbird (Strickland, 1850) (Monasa flavirostris)
   White-fronted Nunbird (Hahn & Küster, 1823) (Monasa morphoeus)
   Black-fronted Nunbird (Spix, 1824) (Monasa nigrifrons)
 Family: Galbulidae
  Genus: Galbalcyrhynchus
   White-eared Jacamar (Des Murs, 1845) (Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis)
   Purus Jacamar (Goeldi, 1904) (Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus)
  Genus: Brachygalba
   White-throated Jacamar (Spix, 1824) (Brachygalba albogularis)
   Pale-headed Jacamar (Sclater & Salvin, 1869) (Brachygalba goeringi)
   Brown Jacamar (Swainson, 1838) (Brachygalba lugubris)
   Dusky-backed Jacamar (Sclater & Salvin, 1879) (Brachygalba salmoni)
  Genus: Jacamaralcyon
   Three-toed Jacamar (Vieillot, 1817) (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla)
  Genus: Galbula
   Yellow-billed Jacamar (Latham, 1790) (Galbula albirostris)
   Purplish Jacamar (P.L.Sclater, 1855) (Galbula chalcothorax)
   Bluish-fronted Jacamar (Deville, 1849) (Galbula cyanescens)
   Blue-necked Jacamar (Cassin, 1851) (Galbula cyanicollis)
   Paradise Jacamar (Linnaeus, 1758) (Galbula dea)
   Green-tailed Jacamar (Linnaeus, 1766) (Galbula galbula)
   Bronzy Jacamar (Vieillot, 1817) (Galbula leucogastra)
   Coppery-chested Jacamar (Taczanowski & Berlepsch, 1885) (Galbula pastazae)
   Rufous-tailed Jacamar (Cuvier, 1816) (Galbula ruficauda)
   White-chinned Jacamar (Spix, 1824) (Galbula tombacea)
  Genus: Jacamerops
   Great Jacamar (Statius Müller, 1776) (Jacamerops aureus)
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