Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
Galápagos Penguin
Galapagos Penguin-1
Common Name Galápagos penguin
Range Galápagos islands
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Sphenisciformes
Family Spheniscidae
Genus Spheniscus
Species "Spheniscus mendiculus"
Conservation Status

The Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is a penguin endemic to the Galápagos Islands. It is the only penguin found north of the equator. The cool waters of the Humboldt and Cromwell Currents allow it to survive despite the tropical latitude. The Galápagos penguin is one of the banded penguins, the other species of which live mostly on the coasts of Africa and mainland South America.


Galapagos penguins are fairly small penguins, averaging only 53 cm in height and ranging in weight from 1.7 to 2.6 kg. Sexual dimorphism exists, in that males are slightly larger than females. Members of this species are mainly black in color with white accenting colors on various locations of the body and a large white frontal area. As in most penguins, the head is black with a white mark that begins above both eyes and circles back, down, and forward to the neck.


Galapagos penguins are social animals that live in large colonies. By living in large colonies, these penguins can take advantage of group hunting and deterring predators. These penguins are awkward on land as a result of their short legs and small wings that provide little balance. When walking, Galapagos penguins waddle with outstretched wings. They are agile swimmers.


Galapagos penguins eat small schooling fish, mainly mullet and sardines, and sometimes crustaceans.


Galapagos penguins can live for 15 to 20 years. Because of high mortality rates due to predation, starvation, climatic events, and human disturbance, most Galapagos penguins do not live to such ages.



  • Galapagos penguin is the only penguin which lives in the northern part of Earth.
  • Galapagos Penguins have the smallest breeding range of penguins.