Florida Red Wolf
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Common Name Cottontail Red Wolf and Black Wolf
Range Maine and Ohio down to Florida and Alabama
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Family Canidae
Genus Canis
Species C. l. lupus
Conservation Status

The Florida red wolf (Canis lupus floridanus) was a subspecies of the red wolf which is believed by some to be a direct descendent of Edward's wolf the first North American canine clearly identifiable as a wolf. The Florida Red Wolf which was identified as the red wolf subspecies Canis rufus floridus in 1912 by zoologist Gerrit Smith Miller was also known as the Cottontail red wolf and the Black wolf. They were usually found either in pairs or small family groups rather than in packs.


The Florida red wolf is known to have inhabited areas of Maine and Ohio down to Florida and Alabama.


The Florida Red Wolf weighed from 44 to 88 pounds and measured 26 to 31 inches high at the shoulder. Many of these wolves found in Georgia and Tennesee were black which is where they got the name Black Wolf.

Conservation Status

The Florida red wolf has been extinct since 1921.

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