Desmoxytes purpurosea
101002 Dong vat mau hong (10)
Common Name Shocking Pink Dragon Millipede
Range Thailand
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Diplopoda
Order Polydesmida
Family Paradoxosomatidae
Genus Desmoxytes
Species Desmoxytes purpurosea

The Shocking pink dragon millipede (Desmoxytes purpurosea), is a new species of dragon millipede named for its vivid pink color. It was formally described in 2007 from a specimen collected at the Hup Pa Tard limestone cavern in Thailand, within the Greater Mekong. The largest species of its genus, the adult millipede is approximately 3 cm (1.2 in) long. It lives in the open on leaf litter. It becomes gregarious after rain showers. The millipede has glands that produce hydrogen cyanide to protect it from predators, a fact advertised by its aposematic color. Because it produces cyanide, it smells like almonds.

The shocking pink dragon millipede was named third in the top ten new species list of 2008 by the International Institute for Species Exploration.

Other species of genus Desmoxytes can be brightly colored, sometimes in shades of red, as in Desmoxytes rubra.

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