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Dendrobatinae
Dendrobates tinctorius captive FWZ-9662 high res
Dendrobates tinctorius
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Amphibia
Order Anura
Family Dendrobatidae
Dendrobatinae

Dendrobatinae is the main subfamily of poison dart frogs in the Dendrobatidae family, from Central and South America, from Nicaragua to the Amazon Basin in Brazil.

Description

Dendrobatinae are generally small frogs; Andinobates minutus is as small as 13–16 mm (0.51–0.63 in) in snout–vent length. Many species are brightly colored and all are toxic. Alkaloids in Phyllobates are particularly potent.

All species are presumed to show parental care, often by the male. However, some species show biparental care (Ranitomeya), whereas in Oophaga only females care for the tadpoles, feeding them with eggs, their only source of nutrition.

Genera

There are eight or seven genera in this subfamily:

Adelphobates (3 species)
Andinobates (14 species)
Dendrobates (5 species)
Excidobates (3 species)
Minyobates (Monotypic)
Oophaga (9 species)
Phyllobates (6 species)
Ranitomeya (16 species)

The most specious genera are Ranitomeya and Andinobates. Dendrobates used to be much larger but now contains only five species, having "lost" may species to genera erected later.

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