Spangled Cotinga (Cotinga cayana)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Cotingidae
Genus Cotinga

Cotinga is a genus of cotingas in the Cotingidae family. They are found in tropical rainforest in South and Central America from southern Mexico to south-east Brazil. They feed mainly on fruit and forage high in trees.

They are 18-22 cm long. The males have highly colorful plumage; bright blue with areas of purple. The blue color is produced by air bubbles in the feathers which scatter light. Females are much duller than males and are mainly brown, often with pale feather edges giving them a scaled or speckled appearance.

The wings of the males make a whistling or rattling noise in flight.

Deforestation is a threat to several members of this genus. The turquoise cotinga is classed as Vulnerable by the IUCN and the banded cotinga is considered to be Endangered.


Lovely Cotinga (Gould, 1857) (Cotinga amabilis)
Spangled Cotinga (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cotinga cayana)
Purple-breasted Cotinga (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cotinga cotinga)
Banded Cotinga (Müller, 1776) (Cotinga maculata)
Plum-throated Cotinga (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cotinga maynana)
Blue Cotinga (Boissonneau, 1840) (Cotinga nattererii)
Turquoise Cotinga (Ridgway, 1887) (Cotinga ridgwayi)
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