Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
European Roller 2007-06-17 JS8Q1803
European Roller (Coracias garrulus)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Coraciidae
Genus Coracias

Coracias is a genus of rollers in the Coraciidae family. They share the colourful appearance of those groups, blues and browns predominating. The two outer front toes are connected, but not the inner one.

These are insect eaters, usually catching their prey in the air. They often perch prominently whilst hunting, like giant shrikes.

The name is from the Ancient Greek korakías (κορακίας), derived from korax (κόραξ, ‘raven, crow’). Aristotle described the coracias as a bird as big as a crow but has a red beak, which some believe to be the chough.

Rollers are related to bee-eaters.


Abyssinian Roller (Hermann, 1783) (Coracias abyssinicus)
Indian Roller (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coracias benghalensis)
Lilac-breasted Roller (Linnaeus, 1766) (Coracias caudatus)
Blue-bellied Roller (Cuvier, 1816) (Coracias cyanogaster)
European Roller (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coracias garrulus)
Purple Roller (Daudin, 1800) (Coracias naevius)
Racket-tailed Roller (Trimen, 1880) (Coracias spatulatus)
Purple-winged Roller (Vieillot, 1819) (Coracias temminckii)