Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
Mantled Guereza (Colobus guereza)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Primates
Family Cercopithecidae
Genus Colobus

Colobus or black-and-white colobuses (or colobi), is a genus of Old World monkeys of the Cercopithecidae family, native to Africa. They are closely related to the brown colobus monkeys of genus Piliocolobus. The word "colobus" comes from Greek κολοβός kolobós ("docked"), and is so named because in this genus, the thumb is a stump. Colobuses are herbivorous, eating leaves, fruit, flowers, and twigs. Their habitats include primary and secondary forests, riverine forests, and wooded grasslands; they are found more in higher-density logged forests than in other primary forests. Their ruminant-like digestive systems have enabled these leaf-eaters to occupy niches that are inaccessible to other primates.

Colobuses live in territorial groups of about nine individuals, based upon a single male with a number of females and their offspring. Newborn colobuses are completely white. Cases of allomothering are documented, which means members of the troop other than the infant's biological mother care for it.

Colobuses are important for seed dispersal through their sloppy eating habits, as well as through their digestive systems. They are prey for many forest predators, and are threatened by hunting for the bushmeat trade, logging, and habitat destruction.


There are five species of black-and-white colobuses, with at least eight subspecies:

Black Colobus (Waterhouse, 1838) (Colobus satanas)
 Gabon Black Colobus (Colobus satanas anthracinus)
 Bioko Black Colobus (Colobus satanas satanas)
Angola Colobus (P. Sclater, 1860) (Colobus angolensis)
 Sclater's Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis angolensis)
 Powell-Cotton’s Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis cottoni)
 Adolf Friedrichs’s Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii)
 Cordier’s Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis cordieri)
 Prigogine's Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis prigoginei)
 Peters's Angola Colobus (Colobus angolensis palliatus)
King Colobus (Zimmermann, 1780) (Colobus polykomos)
Ursine Colobus (I. Geoffroy, 1834) (Colobus vellerosus)
Mantled Guereza (Rüppell, 1835) (Colobus guereza)