|Common Name||Red-capped Mangabey and White-collared Mangabey|
|Range||western Nigeria, east and south into Cameroon, and throughout Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon, and on the Gabon-Congo border by the Atlantic shore.|
The Collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus), also known as the is a species of red-capped mangabey, or white-collared mangabey (leading to easy confusion with Cercocebus atys lunulatus), is a species of white-eyelid mangabey in the Cercopithecidae family. It formerly included the Sooty mangabey as a subspecies. As presently defined, the collared mangabey is monotypic.
The collared mangabey has grey fur covering its body, but its common names refer to the colours on its head and neck. Its prominent chestnut-red cap gives it the name red-capped, and its white collar gives it the names collared and white-collared. Its ears are black and it has striking white eyelids, which is why some refer to it as the "four-eyed monkey". It has a dark grey tail that exceeds the length of the body and is often held with the white tip over its head. It has long molars and very large incisors.
Habitat and Distribution
The collared mangabey is found in coastal, swamp, mangrove, and valley forests, from western Nigeria, east and south into Cameroon, and throughout Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon, and on the Gabon-Congo border by the Atlantic shore.
The collared mangabey lives in large groups of 10 to 35 individuals including several males. Vocal communication in the form of cackles and barks are used to keep the group in contact and signal their position to other groups. It has a diet of fruits and seeds, but also eats leaves, foliage, flowers, invertebrates, mushrooms, dung, and gum. The collared mangabey has no defined breeding season, it reaches sexual maturity at five to seven years, and has an average gestation period of 170 days.