Short-toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
These are mainly resident African species, but the migratory short-toed snake eagle breeds from the Mediterranean basin into Russia, the Middle East and India, and winters in Sub-Saharan Africa and east to Indonesia.
Snake eagles are found in open habitats like cultivated plains arid savanna, but require trees in which to build a stick nest. The single egg is incubated mainly or entirely by the female.
Beaudouin's Snake Eagle (Verreaux & Des Murs, 1862) (Circaetus beaudouini) Western Banded Snake Eagle (von Müller, 1851) (Circaetus cinerascens) Brown Snake Eagle (Vieillot, 1818) (Circaetus cinereus) Southern Banded Snake Eagle (Kaup, 1850) (Circaetus fasciolatus) Short-toed Snake Eagle (Gmelin, 1788) (Circaetus gallicus) Black-chested Snake Eagle (A. Smith, 1829) (Circaetus pectoralis)
Circaetus rhodopensis (late Miocene of Bulgaria) Circaetus haemusensis (early Pleistocene of Bulgaria)