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Cebidae
White-faced-capuchin-monkey-cebus-capucinus
White-headed Capuchin (Cebus capucinus)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Primates
Family Cebidae
Genus Cebus

Cebidae is one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. It includes the capuchin monkeys and squirrel monkeys. These species are found throughout tropical and subtropical South and Central America.

Characteristics

Cebid monkeys are arboreal animals that only rarely travel on the ground. They are generally small monkeys, ranging in size up to that of the Tufted capuchin, with a body length of 33 to 56 cm, and a weight of 2.5 to 3.9 kilograms.

They are omnivorous, mostly eating fruit and insects, although the proportions of these foods vary greatly between species.

Females give birth to one or two young after a gestation period of between 130 and 170 days, depending on species. They are social animals, living in groups of between five and forty individuals, with the smaller species typically forming larger groups. They are generally diurnal in habit.

Classification

Previously, New World monkeys were divided between Callitrichidae and this family. For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. The most recent classification of New World monkeys again splits the callitrichids off, leaving only the capuchins and squirrel monkeys in this family.

Family: Cebidae
 Subfamily: Cebinae
  Genus: Cebus
   White-headed Capuchin (Linnaeus, 1758) (Cebus capucinus)
   White-fronted Capuchin (Humboldt, 1812) (Cebus albifrons)
    Ecuadorian Capuchin (J. A. Allen, 1914) (Cebus albifrons aequatorialis)
    Cebus albifrons albifrons
    Shock-headed Capuchin (Cebus albifrons cuscinus)
    Trinidad White-fronted Capuchin (Cebus albifrons trinitatis)
    Cebus albifrons unicolor
    Varied Capuchin (Cebus albifrons versicolor)
   Wedge-capped Capuchin (Schomburgk, 1848) (Cebus olivaceus)
   Kaapori Capuchin (Queiroz, 1992) (Cebus kaapori)
  Genus: Sapajus
   Tufted Capuchin (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sapajus apella)
    Guiana Brown Capuchin (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sapajus apella apella)
    Colombian Brown Capuchin (Linnaeus, 1766) (Sapajus apella fatuellus)
    Large-headed Capuchin (Spix, 1823) (Cebus apella macrocephalus)
    Cebus apella margaritae (Hollister, 1914)
    Cebus apella peruanus (Thomas, 1901)
    Cebus apella tocantinus (Lönnberg, 1939)
   Blond Capuchin (Schreber, 1774) (Sapajus flavius)
   Black-striped Capuchin (Spix, 1823) (Cebus libidinosus)
    Sapajus libidinosus libidinosus
    Sapajus libidinosus pallidus
    Azaras's Capuchin (Illiger, 1815) (Sapajus libidinosus paraguayanus)
    Sapajus libidinosus juruanus
   Black Capuchin (Goldfuss, 1809) (Sapajus nigritus)
    Sapajus nigritus nigritus
    Crested Capuchin (Kuhl, 1820) (Sapajus nigritus robustus)
    Sapajus nigritus cucullatus
   Golden-bellied Capuchin (Wied, 1826) (Sapajus xanthosternos)
 Subfamily Saimiriinae
  Genus: Saimiri
  Saimiri sciureus group
   Central American Squirrel Monkey (Reinhardt, 1872) (Saimiri oerstedii)
    Black-crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii)
    Grey-crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus)
   Common Squirrel Monkey (Linnaeus, 1758) (Saimiri sciureus)
    Saimiri sciureus sciureus
    Saimiri sciureus albigena
    Humboldt's Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus cassiquiarensis)
    Ecuadorian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus macrodon)
   Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey (I. Geoffroy, 1843) (Saimiri ustus)
 Saimiri boliviensis group
   Black-capped Squirrel Monkey (I. Geoffroy and Blainville, 1834) (Saimiri boliviensis)
    Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis)
    Peruvian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis)
   Black Squirrel Monkey (Ayres, 1985) (Saimiri vanzolinii)
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