Carpathian Wisent
Wisent Hunt on stamp Hungary 1971
Wisent hunt on a 1971 postage stamp from Hungary.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Bovidae
Genus Bison
Species B. bonasus
Conservation Status
The Carpathian wisent (Bison bonasus hungarorum) was a subspecies of European bison that inhabited the Carpathian Mountains, Moldavia, and Transylvania. It may also have lived in what are today Ukraine and Hungary.

It began to die out about a hundred years earlier than its very close cousin, the Caucasian wisent, probably because it lived nearer to Central Europe. The last Carpathian wisent was shot in Transylvania in 1790, and the subspecies is now entirely extinct.


The Carpathian Wisent resembled the European Bison in that its coat was dense and dark brown to golden brown in color. The neck was short, maned, and thick, topped by a shoulder hump. The head is carried relatively high. The horns, found in both male and female, projected outwards and upwards and slightly forwards.

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