Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
800px-Ivory-billed Woodpecker by Jerry A. Payne
Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Piciformes
Family Picidae
Genus Campephilus

Campephilus is a genus of large American woodpeckers in the family Picidae.

This genus was created by George Robert Gray, who suggested taking Campephilus principalis as the type for the genus. The name Campephilus means "lover of grubs" - an allusion to the diet of these birds, many of which feed on the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Contrary to long-held opinion, their closest relatives are not the large black Dryocopus woodpeckers: instead, they are related to the Chrysocolaptes flamebacks from Southeast Asia (Benz et al., 2006).

The English names ivory-billed woodpecker or ivorybill are sometimes used to refer to members of this genus, though more these are used specifically for Campephilus principalis.


Powerful Woodpecker (Bonaparte, 1845) (Campephilus pollens)
Crimson-bellied Woodpecker (Tschudi, 1844) (Campephilus haematogaster)
Red-necked Woodpecker (Boddaert, 1783) (Campephilus rubricollis)
Robust Woodpecker (Lichtenstein, 1819) (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Gmelin, 1788) (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Guayaquil Woodpecker (Lesson, 1845) (Campephilus gayaquilensis)
Pale-billed Woodpecker (Hartlaub, 1844) (Campephilus guatemalensis)
Cream-backed Woodpecker (Valenciennes, 1826) (Campephilus leucopogon)
Magellanic Woodpecker (King, 1828) (Campephilus magellanicus)
Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Linnaeus, 1758) (Campephilus principalis)
 †Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Cassin, 1863) (Campephilus principalis bairdii)
Imperial Woodpecker (Gould, 1832) (Campephilus imperialis)

A fossil ivorybill species, Campephilus dalquesti, was described from bones found in Late Pleistocene deposits of Scurry County.