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Brevicipitidae
20110913durbanville-caperainfrog
Cape Rain Frog (Breviceps gibbosus)
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Amphibia
Order Anura
Neobatrachia
Family Brevicipitidae

Brevicipitidae or rain frogs, is a family of frogs. Formerly included as subfamily in Microhylidae, phylogenetical research has indicated the brevicipitine frogs should be considered as a family with Hemisotidae as the most closely related sister taxon.

Most adult brevicipitine frogs are not easily seen as they spend extended periods of time in soil or leaf litter. However, some species might be partly arboreal at times. Many species show strong sexual size dimorphism, with females being much larger than males.

At least the frogs in Breviceps and Probreviceps genera breed by direct development, in which small froglets emerge from eggs without intervening aquatic tadpole phase. It is likely that the same applies to the other genera, too. The frogs lay small clutches of 13–56 fairly large eggs (4–8 mm diameter not including the protective capsule) in cover, often in underground burrows. With some species either male or female stays with eggs or close to the egg chamber, though the details and extent of brood care is poorly understood within Brevicipitidae as a whole.

Genera

Balebreviceps (Monotypic)
Breviceps (16 species)
Callulina (9 species)
Probreviceps (6 species)
Spelaeophryne (Monotypic)
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