A Water Buffalo
The Bovini tribe is made up of large to very large grazers, including large animals of great economic significance to humans in Domestic Cattle, Domestic Buffalo, and the Yak, as well as smaller Asian relatives, and large free-roaming bovids in the African Buffalo and the American Bison.
The closest relations to this tribe are the Boselaphini and Strepsicerotini tribes. The common ancestor of all the Bovini species appears to have lived about 5–8 million years ago. The first clade to diverge was the buffalo clade (Bubalus and Syncerus species). This was followed by the Banteng/Gaur/mithan clade and the domestic cattle clade. A fourth clade leading to the Bison and Yak species may also exist.
Genus Bubalus Water Buffalo, Bubalus bubalis Carabao, Bubalus bubalis carabanesis Water Buffalo, Bubalus bubalis bubalis Wild Asian Water Buffalo, Bubalus arnee †Short-horned Water Buffalo , Bubalus mephistopheles †Cebu Tamaraw, Bubalus cebuensis Tamaraw, Bubalus mindorensis †European Water Buffalo, Bubalus murrensis Lowland Anoa, Bubalus depressicornis Mountain Anoa, Bubalus quarlesi Genus Bos †Aurochs, Bos primigenius Banteng, Bos javanicus Gaur, Bos gaurus Gayal, Bos frontalis Yak, Bos mutus Domestic Cattle, Bos taurus Zebu, Bos indicus Kouprey, Bos sauveli Genus Pseudoryx Saola, Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Genus Syncerus African Buffalo, Syncerus caffer Genus Bison American Bison, Bison bison European bison, Bison bonasus †Steppe Wisent, Bison priscus Genus Pelorovis†