Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
Black Crowned Crane
Bc crane1
Range Africa south of the Sahara, although in nests in somewhat wetter habitats.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Gruiformes
Family Gruidae
Genus Balearica
Species Balearica pavonina
Conservation Status

The Black crowned crane (Balearica pavonina), is a species of crowned crane in the Gruidae family.

It occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara, although in nests in somewhat wetter habitats. There are two subspecies: Balearica pavonina pavonina in the west and the more numerous Balearica pavonina ceciliae in east Africa.

This species and the closely related grey crowned crane (Balearica regulorum), which prefers wetter habitats for foraging, are the only cranes that can nest in trees. This habit, amongst other things, is a reason why the relatively small Balearica cranes are believed to closely resemble the ancestral members of the Gruidae. It is about 1 m (3.3 ft) long, has a 1.87 m (6.2 ft) wingspan and weighs about 3.6 kg (8 lbs).

Like all cranes, the black crowned crane eats insects, reptiles, and small mammals. It is endangered, especially in the west, by habitat loss and degradation.



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