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Atelopus
0190
Atelopus flavescens
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Amphibia
Order Anura
Family Bufonidae
Genus Atelopus

Atelopus or harlequin or stubfoot toads, is a large genus of true toads native to Central and South America, ranging as far north as Costa Rica and as far south as Bolivia. Atelopus species are small, generally brightly colored, and diurnal. Most species are associated with mid- to high-elevation streams. This genus has been greatly affected by amphibian declines, and many species are now considered endangered, while others already are extinct. While threatened by habitat loss, pollution, and introduced species, the primary cause of these declines appears to be the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.

New Atelopus species are discovered with some regularity, and many new species have been described in the last decade. Among others, a new subspecies, popularly dubbed the purple fluorescent frog, was discovered in 2007 by scientists Paul Ouboter and Jan Mol during a follow-up survey of the Nassau plateau in Suriname. Leeanne Alonso from Conservation International, the organisation that led the expedition, said this frog may be threatened by illegal gold mining. It was described as a new subspecies of Atelopus hoogmoedi (itself considered a subspecies of Atelopus spumarius by some), named Atelopus hoogmoedi nassaui in 2012.

Species

Atelopus andinus (Rivero, 1968) (Andes Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus angelito (Ardila-Robayo & Ruíz-Carranza, 1998) (Angelito Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus ardila (Coloma, Duellman, Almendariz, Ron, Teran-Valdez, and Guayasamin, 2010) (Ardila's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus arsyecue (Rueda-Almonacid, 1994)
Atelopus arthuri (Peters, 1973) (Arthur's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus balios (Peters, 1973) (Rio Pescado Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus bomolochos (Peters, 1973) (Azuay Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus boulengeri (Peracca, 1904) (Boulenger's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus carauta (Ruíz-Carranza & Hernández-Camacho, 1978) (Rio Carauta Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus carbonerensis (Rivero, 1972) (Venezuelan Yellow Frog)
Atelopus carrikeri (Ruthven, 1916) (Guajira Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus certus (Barbour, 1923) (Darien Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus chiriquiensis (Shreve, 1936) (Chiriqui Harlequin Frog)
Atelopus chocoensis (Lötters, 1992) (Chocó Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus chrysocorallus (La Marca, 1996)
Atelopus coynei (Miyata, 1980) (Rio Faisanes Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus cruciger (Lichtenstein & Martens, 1856) (Veragua Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus dimorphus (Lötters, 2003)
Atelopus ebenoides (Rivero, 1963) (Huila Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus elegans (Boulenger, 1882) (Elegant Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus epikeisthos (Lötters, Schulte & Duellman, 2005)
Atelopus erythropus (Boulenger, 1903) (Carabaya Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus eusebianus (Rivero & Granados-Díaz, 1993) (Malvasa Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus eusebiodiazi (Venegas, Catenazzi, Siu-Ting & Carrillo, 2008)
Atelopus exiguus (Boettger, 1892)
Atelopus famelicus (Rivero & Morales, 1995)
Atelopus farci (Lynch, 1993) (Forest Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus flavescens (Duméril & Bibron, 1841) (Cayenne Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus franciscus (Lescure, 1974) (Central Coast Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus galactogaster (Rivero & Serna, 1993) (Antado Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus glyphus (Dunn, 1931) (Pirri Range Harlequin Frog)
Atelopus guanujo (Coloma, 2002) (Guanujo Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus guitarraensis (Osorno Muñoz, Ardila-Robayo & Ruíz-Carranza, 2001) (La Guitarra Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus halihelos (Peters, 1973) (Morona-Santiago Stubfoot Toad)
†Atelopus ignescens (Cornalia, 1849) (Quito Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus laetissimus (Ruíz-Carranza, Ardila-Robayo & Hernández-Camacho, 1994)
Atelopus limosus (Ibáñez, Jaramillo & Solís, 1995) (Limosa Harlequin Frog)
Atelopus longibrachius (Rivero, 1963) (El Tambo Stubfoot Toad)
†Atelopus longirostris (Cope, 1868)
Atelopus lozanoi (Osorno-Muñoz, Ardila-Robayo & Ruíz-Carranza, 2001)
Atelopus lynchi (Cannatella, 1981) (Lynch's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus mandingues (Osorno-Muñoz, Ardila-Robayo & Ruíz-Carranza, 2001)
Atelopus mindoensis (Peters, 1973) (Mindo Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus minutulus (Ruiz-Carranza, Hernández-Camacho & Ardila-Robayo, 1988) (Colombian Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus mittermeieri (Acosta-Galvis, Rueda-Almonacid, Velásquez-Álvarez, Sánchez-Pacheco & Peña Prieto, 2006) (Mittermeier's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus monohernandezi (Ardila-Robayo, Osorno-Muñoz & Ruiz-Carranza, 2002) (Hernandez's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus mucubajiensis (Rivero, 1974) (Mucubaji Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus muisca (Rueda-Almonacid & Hoyos, 1992) (La Arboleda Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus nahumae (Ruiz-Carranza, Ardila-Robayo & Hernández-Camacho, 1994)
Atelopus nanay (Coloma, 2002)
Atelopus nepiozomus (Peters, 1973) (Gualecenita Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus nicefori (Rivero, 1963) (Niceforo's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus onorei (Coloma, Lötters, Duellman & Miranda-Leiva, 2007)
Atelopus oxyrhynchus (Boulenger, 1903) (Rednose Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus pachydermus (Schmidt, 1857) (Schmidt's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus palmatus (Andersson, 1945) (Andersson's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus patazensis (Venegas, Catenazzi, Siu-Ting & Carrillo, 2008) (Pataz Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus pedimarmoratus (Rivero, 1963) (San Isidro Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus peruensis (Gray & Cannatella, 1985) (Peru Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus petersi (Coloma, Lötters, Duellman & Miranda-Leiva, 2007) (Peters' Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus petriruizi (Ardila-Robayo, 1999)
Atelopus pictiventris (Kattan, 1986) (Painted Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus pinangoi (Rivero, 1982) (Pinango Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus planispina (Jiménez de la Espada, 1875) (Napo Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus pulcher (Boulenger, 1882)
Atelopus pyrodactylus (Venegas & Barrio, 2006)
Atelopus quimbaya (Ruíz-Carranza & Osorno-Muñoz, 1994)
Atelopus reticulatus (Lötters, Haas, Schick & Böhme, 2002)
Atelopus sanjosei (Rivero & Serna, 1989) (Anori Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus seminiferus (Cope, 1874) (Upper Amazon Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus senex (Taylor, 1952) (Pass Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus sernai (Ruíz-Carranza & Osorno-Muñoz, 1994)
Atelopus simulatus (Ruíz-Carranza & Osorno-Muñoz, 1994)
Atelopus siranus (Lötters & Henzl, 2000)
Atelopus sonsonensis (Vélez-Rodríguez & Ruíz-Carranza, 1997) (Sonsón Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus sorianoi (La Marca, 1983) (Cloud Forest Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus spumarius (Cope, 1871) (Pebas Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus spurrelli (Boulenger, 1914) (Condoto Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus subornatus (Werner, 1899) (Bogota Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus tamaense (La Marca, García-Pèrez & Renjifo, 1990) (Venezuela Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus tricolor (Boulenger, 1902) (Three-colored Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus varius (Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856) (Veragoa Stubfoot Toad)
†Atelopus vogli (Müller, 1934)
Atelopus walkeri (Rivero, 1963) (Walker's Stubfoot Toad)
Atelopus zeteki (Dunn, 1933) (Panamanian Golden Frog)
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