Animal Database

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Animal Database
Animal Database
17303 gross
Andinobates opisthomelas
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Amphibia
Order Anura
Family Dendrobatidae
Genus Andinobates

Andinobates is a genus of poison dart frogs. It contains species formerly classified in the genus Dendrobates and in 2006 transferred to the genus Ranitomeya. In 2011 Twomey, Brown, et al. erected the genus Andinobates for a group of 12 species of Ranitomeya. Andinobates frogs can be distinguished from their sister taxon Ranitomeya anatomically in that their 2nd and 3rd vertebrae are fused. They show no limb reticulation, which is present in most species of Ranitomeya.

Andinobates inhabits the northern Andes of Colombia, the Chocó department, and lower Central America, whereas Ranitomeya is only found in the Amazonian basin.


Andinobates primarily contained 12 species formerly classified in the genus Ranitomeya. In 2013 Andinobates cassidyhornae, another species from the Andes of Colombia has been described. In 2014 another new species, Andinobates geminisae, was discovered in Panama.

Andinobates abditus (Myers & Daly, 1976) (Collins' Poison Frog)
Andinobates altobueyensis (Silverstone, 1975) (Alto de Buey Poison Frog)
Andinobates bombetes (Myers & Daly, 1980) (Cauca Poison Frog)
Andinobates cassidyhornae (Amézquita et al., 2013)
Andinobates claudiae (Jungfer, Lötters, and Jörgens, 2000)
Andinobates daleswansoni (Rueda-Almonacid, Rada, Sánchez-Pacheco, Velásquez-Álvarez, and Quevedo-Gil, 2006)
Andinobates dorisswansonae (Rueda-Almonacid, Rada, Sánchez-Pacheco, Velásquez-Álvarez, and Quevedo-Gil, 2006)
Andinobates fulguritus (Silverstone, 1975) (Yellow-bellied Poison Frog)
Andinobates geminisae (Batista et al., 2014)
Andinobates minutus (Shreve, 1935) (Blue-bellied Poison Frog)
Andinobates opisthomelas (Boulenger, 1899) (Andean Poison Frog)
Andinobates nubeculosus? (Jungfer and Böhme, 2004) (Rockstone Poison Dart Frog)
Andinobates tolimensis (Bernal-Bautista, Luna-Mora, Gallego, and Quevedo-Gil, 2007)
Andinobates viridis (Myers & Daly, 1976)
Andinobates virolinensis (Ruíz-Carranza & Ramírez-Pinilla, 1992)