|Common Name||Amamino Kuro Usagi and Ryukyu Rabbit|
|Range||Amami Ōshima and Toku-no-Shima, two small islands between southern Kyūshū and Okinawa in Kagoshima Prefecture (but actually closer to Okinawa) in Japan|
The Amami rabbit, or Amamino kuro usagi (アマミノクロウサギ 奄美野黒兔?, lit. "Amami plains black rabbit"), also known as the Ryukyu rabbit, is a primitive, dark-furred rabbit which is only found in Amami Ōshima and Toku-no-Shima, two small islands between southern Kyūshū and Okinawa in Kagoshima Prefecture (but actually closer to Okinawa) in Japan. Often called a living fossil, the Amami rabbit is a living remnant of ancient rabbits that once lived on the Asian mainland, where they died out, remaining only on the two small islands where they survive today.
With dark colouring and tiny ears, the Amani rabbit is found only in the mountain forests of two small islands off Southern Japan. Habitat destruction has reduced the area of its natural habitat and only about 2,000 remain. The Japanese now protect this rabbit, and have given it the special status of a living 'natural monument.'