Aglyptodactylus or Madagascar jumping frogs, is a genus of frogs in the family Mantellidae. There are endemic to Madagascar. One species occurs in humid eastern Madagascar whereas two other species are found in the dryer western Madagascar.
Aglyptodactylus are medium-sized frogs as adults, measuring 35–60 mm (1.4–2.4 in) in snout–vent length.
All three Aglyptodactylus species have small, morphologically similar tadpoles that metamorphose at a size of 7–15 mm (0.28–0.59 in). However, they differ in their habitat, ranging from ephemeral pools (Aglyptodactylus laticeps) to river bed pools (Aglyptodactylus securifer) to stagnant pools (Aglyptodactylus madagascariensis). The tadpoles are detritivorous.
There are three Aglyptodactylus species:
Aglyptodactylus laticeps (Glaw, Vences, Böhme, 1998) Aglyptodactylus madagascariensis (Duméril, 1853) Aglyptodactylus securifer (Glaw, Vences, Böhme, 1998) A fourth, as yet undescribed species may exist in southern Madagascar.