|Common Name||Rio Madeira Poison Frog and Amazonian Poison Frog|
|Range||Rio Madeira drainage in the southern Amazon Basin in Brazil and Bolivia.|
Adelphobates quinquevittatus, also known as the Rio Madeira poison frog or more ambiguously Amazonian poison frog, is a species of frog in the Dendrobatidae family. It is endemic to the Rio Madeira drainage in the southern Amazon Basin in Brazil and Bolivia. Most records of this species before 1990 refer to Ranitomeya ventrimaculata. Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests, freshwater marshes, and intermittent freshwater marshes. It is threatened by habitat loss.